Cognitive difficulties of a brain injury affect the way a person thinks, learns and remembers.  Control of mental/cognitive abilities are located in different parts of the brain.  A brain injury can damage some, but not necessarily all cognitive skills such as thinking, memory, understanding, concentration, solving problems and using language.  Some common difficulties are - 

  • Slower thinking processes
  • Reduced flexibility in thinking
  • Memory difficulties 
  • Difficulties learning new information  
  • Attention and concentration problems 
  • Poor planning and organisational skills which are also known as executive skills 
  • Poor reasoning and judgement
  • Difficulties in recognising objects and people (changes in vision perception)
  • Lack of insight into their situation and life issues
  • Lack of initiative