Communication problems after a brain injury are very common and can have a major impact on everyday life. Although most of us take it for granted, the ability to communicate is extremely complex and many different parts of the brain are involved. 

If the parts of the brain responsible for speech and language are damaged it will result in some form of difficulties with communication.  The difficulties will depend on the nature and extent of the damage to the brain and can have a major impact on everyday life 

Common difficulties: 

  • Understanding what is said to you
  • Finding the words you are looking for
  • Moving and coordinating movement

There are three principal sources if communication difficulties arising from damage to the brain:

Damage to the communication areas of the brain which may cause:

  • Dysphaisa: word finding, sentence construction and comprehension difficulties
  • Dysarthria: Muscle control difficulties
  • Dyspraxia: Muscle co-ordination difficulties
  • Non verbal communication difficulties  

Damage to the cognitive areas of the brain which may cause 

  • Memory problems 
  • Information processing problems 
  • Planning problems 
  • Inflexible though process
  • Initiation problems 
  • Control problems

 Damage to the frontal lobe which may cause social communication deficits for example 

  • Difficulty following the social rules and conventions of communication